Auschwitz was a German concentration and destruction camp during the Second World War which was in use from 1940 to 1945. The Auschwitz concentration camp is located in the Polish town of Oświęcim and is a network of several camps built by the Nazis in Poland. A visit to Auschwitz is confrontational, painful and terrible, but you can not close your eyes to this part of history. There are a lot of things you didn’t know about Auschwitz.
Read on for 20 things you didn’t know about Auschwitz.
1. About 1 in 6 Jews who were murdered during the Holocaust died in this concentration camp.
2. A total of 1.1 million people died here during the four and a half years that the camp existed.
3. The first people arrived in May 1940 and these were Polish political prisoners.
4. More people died in Auschwitz than the British and American losses in the Second World War combined.
5. The people in Auschwitz died in the gas chambers, died from starvation, illnesses, individual executions, medical experiments or forced labor.
6. The detainees were given a breakfast every day: coffee or tea, Lunch: soup, dinner: bread.
7. Prisoners were usually misled in the gas chambers and they were told that they could take a shower.
8. Auschwitz had implemented a tattoo system for prisoners who were all given a number on their arm tattooed.
9. In total, 144 prisoners have successfully escaped from here.
10. The concentration camp had an area of 40 square kilometers and was 10 times larger than Central Park in New York City. The complex consisted of: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II-Birkenau and Auschwitz III-Monowitz.
11. The commander of the camp, Rudolf Hoss, was arrested in 1946 and sentenced for murder and hanged in the camp.
12. Of the total of approximately 7,000 employees in Auschwitz, only 750 were punished.
13. Antoni Dobrowolski is the oldest survivor of this camp and he died on October 21, 2012 with an age of 108 years.
14. The Polish midwife Stanislawa Leszczynska has helped with in total the birth of more than 3,000 babies.
15. The company that produced Zyklon B, the gas with which millions of Jews were treated, still exists as a pest control company.
16. The “scientific” experiments of Josef often involved studies of twins. If one of the twins died, the other was also killed in order to perform comparative coronations.
17. The Jewish boxer Salamo Arouch was imprisoned in this camp and he was forced to fight inmates. The losers were sent to the gas chambers and he survived more than 200 fights.
18. Witold Pilecki, a Polish soldier, volunteered to be imprisoned in this camp to gather information, escape and let the world know about the Holocaust.
19. Anne Frank’s father survived this concentration camp and died of lung cancer in 1980.
20. Rabbits lived a luxurious life in Auschwitz, as their wool was used to make warm clothing for the German soldiers.
These are mu 20 things you didn’t know about Auschwitz. Do you know something to add to this list of things you didn’t know about Auschwitz?
I loved my stay at The blue Aparthotel. It’s a cute hotel with friendly staff and good breakfast. Comfortable room, good wi-fi, excellent location close to Old Town and railway and bus station. The room is cleaned every day. If you need the hotel can propose some excursions.
- Not what you are looking for? Find here more great places to stay in Krakow!
Read more about Poland
* This article contains affliate links. Read more in the disclaimer.